All issues
 2024 Vol. 16
 2023 Vol. 15
 2022 Vol. 14
 2021 Vol. 13
 2020 Vol. 12
 2019 Vol. 11
 2018 Vol. 10
 2017 Vol. 9
 2016 Vol. 8
 2015 Vol. 7
 2014 Vol. 6
 2013 Vol. 5
 2012 Vol. 4
 2011 Vol. 3
 2010 Vol. 2
 2009 Vol. 1

Numerical approach and parallel implementation for computer simulation of stacked long Josephson Junctions
Computer Research and Modeling, 2016, v. 8, no. 4, pp. 593604Views (last year): 7. Citations: 6 (RSCI).We consider a model of stacked long Josephson junctions (LJJ), which consists of alternating superconducting and dielectric layers. The model takes into account the inductive and capacitive coupling between the neighbor junctions. The model is described by a system of nonlinear partial differential equations with respect to the phase differences and the voltage of LJJ, with appropriate initial and boundary conditions. The numerical solution of this system of equations is based on the use of standard threepoint finitedifference formulae for discrete approximations in the space coordinate, and the applying the fourstep RungeKutta method for solving the Cauchy problem obtained. Designed parallel algorithm is implemented by means of the MPI technology (Message Passing Interface). In the paper, the mathematical formulation of the problem is given, numerical scheme and a method of calculation of the currentvoltage characteristics of the LJJ system are described. Two variants of parallel implementation are presented. The influence of inductive and capacitive coupling between junctions on the structure of the currentvoltage characteristics is demonstrated. The results of methodical calculations with various parameters of length and number of Josephson junctions in the LJJ stack depending on the number of parallel computing nodes, are presented. The calculations have been performed on multiprocessor clusters HybriLIT and CICC of MultiFunctional Information and Computing Complex (Laboratory of Information Technologies, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna). The numerical results are discussed from the viewpoint of the effectiveness of presented approaches of the LJJ system numerical simulation in parallel. It has been shown that one of parallel algorithms provides the 9 times speedup of calculations.

On the construction and properties of WENO schemes order five, seven, nine, eleven and thirteen. Part 1. Construction and stability
Computer Research and Modeling, 2016, v. 8, no. 5, pp. 721753Views (last year): 9. Citations: 1 (RSCI).Currently, different nonlinear numerical schemes of the spatial approximation are used in numerical simulation of boundary value problems for hyperbolic systems of partial differential equations (e. g. gas dynamics equations, MHD, deformable rigid body, etc.). This is due to the need to improve the order of accuracy and perform simulation of discontinuous solutions that are often occurring in such systems. The need for nonlinear schemes is followed from the barrier theorem of S. K. Godunov that states the impossibility of constructing a linear scheme for monotone approximation of such equations with approximation order two or greater. One of the most accurate nonlinear type schemes are ENO (essentially non oscillating) and their modifications, including WENO (weighted, essentially non oscillating) scemes. The last received the most widespread, since the same stencil width has a higher order of approximation than the ENO scheme. The benefit of ENO and WENO schemes is the ability to maintain a highorder approximation to the areas of nonmonotonic solutions. The main difficulty of the analysis of such schemes comes from the fact that they themselves are nonlinear and are used to approximate the nonlinear equations. In particular, the linear stability condition was obtained earlier only for WENO5 scheme (fifthorder approximation on smooth solutions) and it is a numerical one. In this paper we consider the problem of construction and stability for WENO5, WENO7, WENO9, WENO11, and WENO13 finite volume schemes for the Hopf equation. In the first part of this article we discuss WENO methods in general, and give the explicit expressions for the coefficients of the polynomial weights and linear combinations required to build these schemes. We prove a series of assertions that can make conclusions about the order of approximation depending on the type of local solutions. Stability analysis is carried out on the basis of the principle of frozen coefficients. The cases of a smooth and discontinuous behavior of solutions in the field of linearization with frozen coefficients on the faces of the final volume and spectra of the schemes are analyzed for these cases. We prove the linear stability conditions for a variety of RungeKutta methods applied to WENO schemes. As a result, our research provides guidance on choosing the best possible stability parameter, which has the smallest effect on the nonlinear properties of the schemes. The convergence of the schemes is followed from the analysis.

FlowVision: Industrial computational fluid dynamics
Computer Research and Modeling, 2017, v. 9, no. 1, pp. 520Views (last year): 30. Citations: 8 (RSCI).The work submits new release of the FlowVision software designed for automation of engineering calculations in computational fluid dynamics: FlowVision 3.09.05. The FlowVision software is used for solving different industrial problems. Its popularity is based on the capability to solve complex nontradition problems involving different physical processes. The paradigm of complete automation of laborintensive and timetaking processes like grid generation makes FlowVision attractive for many engineers. FlowVision is completely developerindependent software. It includes an advanced graphical interface, the system for specifying a computational project as well as the system for flow visualization on planes, on curvilinear surfaces and in volume by means of different methods: plots, color contours, isolines, isosurfaces, vector fields. Besides that, FlowVision provides tools for calculation of integral characteristics on surfaces and in volumetric regions.
The software is based on the finitevolume approach to approximation of the partial differential equations describing fluid motion and accompanying physical processes. It provides explicit and implicit methods for time integration of these equations. The software includes automated generator of unstructured grid with capability of its local dynamic adaptation. The solver involves twolevel parallelism which allows calculations on computers with distributed and shared memory (coexisting in the same hardware). FlowVision incorporates a wide spectrum of physical models: different turbulence models, models for mass transfer accounting for chemical reactions and radioactive decay, several combustion models, a dispersed phase model, an electrohydrodynamic model, an original VOF model for tracking moving interfaces. It should be noted that turbulence can be simulated within URANS, LES, and ILES approaches. FlowVision simulates fluid motion with velocities corresponding to all possible flow regimes: from incompressible to hypersonic. This is achieved by using an original allspeed velocitypressure split algorithm for integration of the NavierStokes equations.
FlowVision enables solving multiphysic problems with use of different modeling tools. For instance, one can simulate multiphase flows with use of the VOF method, flows past bodies moving across a stationary grid (within Euler approach), flows in rotary machines with use of the technology of sliding grid. Besides that, the software solves fluidstructure interaction problems using the technology of twoway coupling of FlowVision with finiteelement codes. Two examples of solving challenging problems in the FlowVision software are demonstrated in the given article. The first one is splashdown of a spacecraft after deceleration by means of jet engines. This problem is characterized by presence of moving bodies and contact surface between the air and the water in the computational domain. The supersonic jets interact with the airwater interphase. The second problem is simulation of the work of a human heart with artificial and natural valves designed on the basis of tomographic investigations with use of a finiteelement model of the heart. This problem is characterized by twoway coupling between the “liquid” computational domain and the finiteelement model of the hart muscles.

On the convergence of the implicit iterative linebyline recurrence method for solving difference elliptical equations
Computer Research and Modeling, 2017, v. 9, no. 6, pp. 857880Views (last year): 15. Citations: 1 (RSCI).In the article a theory of the implicit iterative linebyline recurrence method for solving the systems of finitedifference equations which arise as a result of approximation of the twodimensional elliptic differential equations on a regular grid is stated. On the one hand, the high effectiveness of the method has confirmed in practice. Some complex test problems, as well as several problems of fluid flow and heat transfer of a viscous incompressible liquid, have solved with its use. On the other hand, the theoretical provisions that explain the high convergence rate of the method and its stability are not yet presented in the literature. This fact is the reason for the present investigation. In the paper, the procedure of equivalent and approximate transformations of the initial system of linear algebraic equations (SLAE) is described in detail. The transformations are presented in a matrixvector form, as well as in the form of the computational formulas of the method. The key points of the transformations are illustrated by schemes of changing of the difference stencils that correspond to the transformed equations. The canonical form of the method is the goal of the transformation procedure. The correctness of the method follows from the canonical form in the case of the solution convergence. The estimation of norms of the matrix operators is carried out on the basis of analysis of structures and element sets of the corresponding matrices. As a result, the convergence of the method is proved for arbitrary initial vectors of the solution of the problem.
The norm of the transition matrix operator is estimated in the special case of weak restrictions on a desired solution. It is shown, that the value of this norm decreases proportionally to the second power (or third degree, it depends on the version of the method) of the grid step of the problem solution area in the case of transition matrix order increases. The necessary condition of the method stability is obtained by means of simple estimates of the vector of an approximate solution. Also, the estimate in order of magnitude of the optimum iterative compensation parameter is given. Theoretical conclusions are illustrated by using the solutions of the test problems. It is shown, that the number of the iterations required to achieve a given accuracy of the solution decreases if a grid size of the solution area increases. It is also demonstrated that if the weak restrictions on solution are violated in the choice of the initial approximation of the solution, then the rate of convergence of the method decreases essentially in full accordance with the deduced theoretical results.

Numerical solution to a twodimensional nonlinear heat equation using radial basis functions
Computer Research and Modeling, 2022, v. 14, no. 1, pp. 922The paper presents a numerical solution to the heat wave motion problem for a degenerate secondorder nonlinear parabolic equation with a source term. The nonlinearity is conditioned by the power dependence of the heat conduction coefficient on temperature. The problem for the case of two spatial variables is considered with the boundary condition specifying the heat wave motion law. A new solution algorithm based on an expansion in radial basis functions and the boundary element method is proposed. The solution is constructed stepwise in time with finite difference time approximation. At each time step, a boundary value problem for the Poisson equation corresponding to the original equation at a fixed time is solved. The solution to this problem is constructed iteratively as the sum of a particular solution to the nonhomogeneous equation and a solution to the corresponding homogeneous equation satisfying the boundary conditions. The homogeneous equation is solved by the boundary element method. The particular solution is sought by the collocation method using inhomogeneity expansion in radial basis functions. The calculation algorithm is optimized by parallelizing the computations. The algorithm is implemented as a program written in the C++ language. The parallel computations are organized by using the OpenCL standard, and this allows one to run the same parallel code either on multicore CPUs or on graphic CPUs. Test cases are solved to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed solution method and the correctness of the developed computational technique. The calculation results are compared with known exact solutions, as well as with the results we obtained earlier. The accuracy of the solutions and the calculation time are estimated. The effectiveness of using various systems of radial basis functions to solve the problems under study is analyzed. The most suitable system of functions is selected. The implemented complex computational experiment shows higher calculation accuracy of the proposed new algorithm than that of the previously developed one.

Comparative analysis of finite difference method and finite volume method for unsteady natural convection and thermal radiation in a cubical cavity filled with a diathermic medium
Computer Research and Modeling, 2017, v. 9, no. 4, pp. 567578Views (last year): 13. Citations: 1 (RSCI).Comparative analysis of two numerical methods for simulation of unsteady natural convection and thermal surface radiation within a differentially heated cubical cavity has been carried out. The considered domain of interest had two isothermal opposite vertical faces, while other walls are adiabatic. The walls surfaces were diffuse and gray, namely, their directional spectral emissivity and absorptance do not depend on direction or wavelength but can depend on surface temperature. For the reflected radiation we had two approaches such as: 1) the reflected radiation is diffuse, namely, an intensity of the reflected radiation in any point of the surface is uniform for all directions; 2) the reflected radiation is uniform for each surface of the considered enclosure. Mathematical models formulated both in primitive variables “velocity–pressure” and in transformed variables “vector potential functions – vorticity vector” have been performed numerically using finite volume method and finite difference methods, respectively. It should be noted that radiative heat transfer has been analyzed using the netradiation method in Poljak approach.
Using primitive variables and finite volume method for the considered boundaryvalue problem we applied powerlaw for an approximation of convective terms and central differences for an approximation of diffusive terms. The difference motion and energy equations have been solved using iterative method of alternating directions. Definition of the pressure field associated with velocity field has been performed using SIMPLE procedure.
Using transformed variables and finite difference method for the considered boundaryvalue problem we applied monotonic Samarsky scheme for convective terms and central differences for diffusive terms. Parabolic equations have been solved using locally onedimensional Samarsky scheme. Discretization of elliptic equations for vector potential functions has been conducted using symmetric approximation of the secondorder derivatives. Obtained difference equation has been solved by successive overrelaxation method. Optimal value of the relaxation parameter has been found on the basis of computational experiments.
As a result we have found the similar distributions of velocity and temperature in the case of these two approaches for different values of Rayleigh number, that illustrates an operability of the used techniques. The efficiency of transformed variables with finite difference method for unsteady problems has been shown.

Finite difference schemes for linear advection equation solving under generalized approximation condition
Computer Research and Modeling, 2018, v. 10, no. 2, pp. 181193Views (last year): 27.A set of implicit difference schemes on the fivepointwise stensil is under construction. The analysis of properties of difference schemes is carried out in a space of undetermined coefficients. The spaces were introduced for the first time by A. S. Kholodov. Usually for properties of difference schemes investigation the problem of the linear programming was constructed. The coefficient at the main term of a discrepancy was considered as the target function. The optimization task with inequalities type restrictions was considered for construction of the monotonic difference schemes. The limitation of such an approach becomes clear taking into account that approximation of the difference scheme is defined only on the classical (smooth) solutions of partial differential equations.
The functional which minimum will be found put in compliance to the difference scheme. The functional must be the linear on the difference schemes coefficients. It is possible that the functional depends on net function – the solution of a difference task or a grid projection of the differential problem solution. If the initial terms of the functional expansion in a Taylor series on grid parameters are equal to conditions of classical approximation, we will call that the functional will be the generalized condition of approximation. It is shown that such functionals exist. For the simple linear partial differential equation with constant coefficients construction of the functional is possible also for the generalized (nonsmooth) solution of a differential problem.
Families of functionals both for smooth solutions of an initial differential problem and for the generalized solution are constructed. The new difference schemes based on the analysis of the functionals by linear programming methods are constructed. At the same time the research of couple of selfdual problems of the linear programming is used. The optimum monotonic difference scheme possessing the first order of approximation on the smooth solution of differential problem is found. The possibility of application of the new schemes for creation of hybrid difference methods of the raised approximation order on smooth solutions is discussed.
The example of numerical implementation of the simplest difference scheme with the generalized approximation is given.

Bicompact schemes for gas dynamics problems: introducing complex domains using the free boundary method
Computer Research and Modeling, 2020, v. 12, no. 3, pp. 487504This work is dedicated to application of bicompact schemes to numerical solution of evolutionary hyperbolic equations. The main advantage of this class of schemes lies in combination of two beneficial properties: the first one is spatial approximation of high even order on a stencil that always occupies only one mesh cell; the second one is spectral resolution which is better in comparison to classic compact finitedifference schemes of the same order of spatial approximation. One feature of bicompact schemes is considered: their spatial approximation is rigidly tied to Cartesian meshes (with parallelepipedshaped cells in threedimensional case). This feature makes rather challenging any application of bicompact schemes to problems with complex computational domains as treated in the framework of unstructured meshes. This problem is proposed to be solved using wellknown methods for treating complexshaped boundaries and their corresponding boundary conditions on Cartesian meshes. The generalization of bicompact schemes on problems in geometrically complex domains is made in case of gas dynamics problems and Euler equations. The free boundary method is chosen as a particular tool to introduce the influence of arbitraryshaped solid boundaries on gas flows on Cartesian meshes. A brief description of this method is given, its governing equations are written down. Bicompact schemes of fourth order of approximation in space with locally onedimensional splitting are constructed for equations of the free boundary method. Its compensation flux is discretized with second order of accuracy. Time stepping in the obtained schemes is done with the implicit Euler method and the third order accurate $L$stable stiffly accurate threestage singly diagonally implicit Runge–Kutta method. The designed bicompact schemes are tested on three twodimensional problems: stationary supersonic flows with Mach number three past one circular cylinder and past three circular cylinders; the nonstationary interaction of planar shock wave with a circular cylinder in a channel with planar parallel walls. The obtained results are in a good agreement with other works: influence of solid bodies on gas flows is physically correct, pressure in control points on solid surfaces is calculated with the accuracy appropriate to the chosen mesh resolution and level of numerical dissipation.

Relaxation model of viscous heatconducting gas
Computer Research and Modeling, 2022, v. 14, no. 1, pp. 2343A hyperbolic model of a viscous heatconducting gas is presented, in which the Maxwell – Cattaneo approach is used to hyperbolize the equations, which provides finite wave propagation velocities. In the modified model, instead of the original Stokes and Fourier laws, their relaxation analogues were used and it is shown that when the relaxation times $\tau_\sigma^{}$ и $\tau_w^{}$ tend to The hyperbolized equations are reduced to zero to the classical Navier – Stokes system of nonhyperbolic type with infinite velocities of viscous and heat waves. It is noted that the hyperbolized system of equations of motion of a viscous heatconducting gas considered in this paper is invariant not only with respect to the Galilean transformations, but also with respect to rotation, since the Yaumann derivative is used when differentiating the components of the viscous stress tensor in time. To integrate the equations of the model, the hybrid Godunov method (HGM) and the multidimensional nodal method of characteristics were used. The HGM is intended for the integration of hyperbolic systems in which there are equations written both in divergent form and not resulting in such (the original Godunov method is used only for systems of equations presented in divergent form). A linearized solver’s Riemann is used to calculate flow variables on the faces of adjacent cells. For divergent equations, a finitevolume approximation is applied, and for nondivergent equations, a finitedifference approximation is applied. To calculate a number of problems, we also used a nonconservative multidimensional nodal method of characteristics, which is based on splitting the original system of equations into a number of onedimensional subsystems, for solving which a onedimensional nodal method of characteristics was used. Using the described numerical methods, a number of onedimensional problems on the decay of an arbitrary rupture are solved, and a twodimensional flow of a viscous gas is calculated when a shock jump interacts with a rectangular step that is impermeable to gas.

Simulation of unsteady structure of flow over descent module in the Martian atmosphere conditions
Computer Research and Modeling, 2022, v. 14, no. 4, pp. 701714The article presents the results of numerical modeling of the vortex spatial nonstationary motion of the medium arising near the lateral and bottom surfaces of the descent module during its movement in the atmosphere of Mars. The numerical study was performed for the highspeed streamline regime at various angles of attack. Mathematical modeling was carried out on the basis of the Navier – Stokes model and the model of equilibrium chemical reactions for the Martian atmosphere gas. The simulation results showed that under the considered conditions of the descent module motion, a nonstationary flow with a pronounced vortex character is realized near its lateral and bottom surfaces. Numerical calculations indicate that, depending on the angle of attack, the nonstationarity and vortex nature of the flow can manifest itself both on the entire lateral and bottom surfaces of the module, and, partially, on their leeward side. For various angles of attack, pictures of the vortex structure of the flow near the surface of the descent vehicle and in its near wake are presented, as well as pictures of the gasdynamic parameters fields. The nonstationary nature of the flow is confirmed by the presented time dependences of the gasdynamic parameters of the flow at various points on the module surface. The carried out parametric calculations made it possible to determine the dependence of the aerodynamic characteristics of the descent module on the angle of attack. Mathematical modeling is carried out on the basis of the conservative numerical method of fluxes, which is a finitevolume method based on a finitedifference writing of the conservation laws of additive characteristics of the medium using «upwind» approximations of stream variables. To simulate the complex vortex structure of the flow over descent module, the nonuniform computational grids are used, including up to 30 million finite volumes with exponential thickening to the surface, which made it possible to reveal smallscale vortex formations. Numerical investigations were carried out on the basis of the developed software package based on parallel algorithms of the used numerical method and implemented on modern multiprocessor computer systems. The results of numerical simulation presented in the article were obtained using up to two thousand computing cores of a multiprocessor complex.
Indexed in Scopus
Fulltext version of the journal is also available on the web site of the scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.RU
The journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index
The journal is included in the RSCI
International Interdisciplinary Conference "Mathematics. Computing. Education"