Результаты поиска по 'mathematical model':
Найдено статей: 238
  1. Steryakov A.A.
    A universal method for constructing the simulation model of complex multi-agent systems
    Computer Research and Modeling, 2013, v. 5, no. 4, pp. 513-523

    This paper presents a universal method for constructing an agent-based model of complex systems for their further clear computer representation by means of object-oriented programming languages. The method specifies both steps of model developing from the mathematical description of the system to the determined architecture of the program simulating the system. The efficiency of the method is illustrated by the construction of the two simulation models for the complex systems of various origins: the interactive simulation of the stock exchange and space-time simulation of biological species competition.

    Views (last year): 5. Citations: 2 (RSCI).
  2. Chulichkov A.I., Yuan B.
    Effective rank of a problem of function estimation based on measurement with an error of finite number of its linear functionals
    Computer Research and Modeling, 2014, v. 6, no. 2, pp. 189-202

    The problem of restoration of an element f of Euclidean functional space  L2(X) based on the results of measurements of a finite set of its linear functionals, distorted by (random) error is solved. A priori data aren't assumed. Family of linear subspaces of the maximum (effective) dimension for which the projections of element to them allow estimates with a given accuracy, is received. The effective rank ρ(δ) of the estimation problem is defined as the function equal to the maximum dimension of an orthogonal component Pf of the element f which can be estimated with a error, which is not surpassed the value δ. The example of restoration of a spectrum of radiation based on a finite set of experimental data is given.

  3. Fedosova A.N., Silaev D.A.
    Mathematical modeling of bending of a circular plate using $S$-splines
    Computer Research and Modeling, 2015, v. 7, no. 5, pp. 977-988

    This article is dedicated to the use of higher degree $S$-splines for solving equations of the elasticity theory. As an example we consider the solution to the equation of bending of a plate on a circle. $S$-spline is a piecewise-polynomial function. Its coefficients are defined by two conditions. The first part of the coefficients are defined by the smoothness of the spline. The rest are determined using the least-squares method. We consider class $C^4$ 7th degree $S$-splines.

    Views (last year): 4.
  4. Bashashin M.V., Zemlyanay E.V., Rahmonov I.R., Shukrinov J.M., Atanasova P.C., Volokhova A.V.
    Numerical approach and parallel implementation for computer simulation of stacked long Josephson Junctions
    Computer Research and Modeling, 2016, v. 8, no. 4, pp. 593-604

    We consider a model of stacked long Josephson junctions (LJJ), which consists of alternating superconducting and dielectric layers. The model takes into account the inductive and capacitive coupling between the neighbor junctions. The model is described by a system of nonlinear partial differential equations with respect to the phase differences and the voltage of LJJ, with appropriate initial and boundary conditions. The numerical solution of this system of equations is based on the use of standard three-point finite-difference formulae for discrete approximations in the space coordinate, and the applying the four-step Runge-Kutta method for solving the Cauchy problem obtained. Designed parallel algorithm is implemented by means of the MPI technology (Message Passing Interface). In the paper, the mathematical formulation of the problem is given, numerical scheme and a method of calculation of the current-voltage characteristics of the LJJ system are described. Two variants of parallel implementation are presented. The influence of inductive and capacitive coupling between junctions on the structure of the current-voltage characteristics is demonstrated. The results of methodical calculations with various parameters of length and number of Josephson junctions in the LJJ stack depending on the number of parallel computing nodes, are presented. The calculations have been performed on multiprocessor clusters HybriLIT and CICC of Multi-Functional Information and Computing Complex (Laboratory of Information Technologies, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna). The numerical results are discussed from the viewpoint of the effectiveness of presented approaches of the LJJ system numerical simulation in parallel. It has been shown that one of parallel algorithms provides the 9 times speedup of calculations.

    Views (last year): 7. Citations: 6 (RSCI).
  5. Lobanov A.I.
    Scientific and pedagogical schools founded by A. S. Kholodov
    Computer Research and Modeling, 2018, v. 10, no. 5, pp. 561-579

    In the science development an important role the scientific schools are played. This schools are the associations of researchers connected by the common problem, the ideas and the methods used for problems solution. Usually Scientific schools are formed around the leader and the uniting idea.

    The several sciences schools were created around academician A. S. Kholodov during his scientific and pedagogical activity.

    This review tries to present the main scientific directions in which the bright science collectives with the common frames of reference and approaches to researches were created. In the review this common base is marked out. First, this is development of the group of numerical methods for hyperbolic type systems of partial derivatives differential equations solution — grid and characteristic methods. Secondly, the description of different numerical methods in the undetermined coefficients spaces. This approach developed for all types of partial equations and for ordinary differential equations.

    On the basis of A. S. Kholodov’s numerical approaches the research teams working in different subject domains are formed. The fields of interests are including mathematical modeling of the plasma dynamics, deformable solid body dynamics, some problems of biology, biophysics, medical physics and biomechanics. The new field of interest includes solving problem on graphs (such as processes of the electric power transportation, modeling of the traffic flows on a road network etc).

    There is the attempt in the present review analyzed the activity of scientific schools from the moment of their origin so far, to trace the connection of A. S. Kholodov’s works with his colleagues and followers works. The complete overview of all the scientific schools created around A. S. Kholodov is impossible due to the huge amount and a variety of the scientific results.

    The attempt to connect scientific schools activity with the advent of scientific and educational school in Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology also becomes.

    Views (last year): 42.
  6. The 3rd BRICS Mathematics Conference
    Computer Research and Modeling, 2019, v. 11, no. 6, pp. 1015-1016
  7. Korchak A.B., Evdokimov A.V.
    Tool for integration of heterogeneous models and its application to loosely coupled sets of differential equations
    Computer Research and Modeling, 2009, v. 1, no. 2, pp. 127-136

    We develop the software tool for integration of dynamics models, which are inhomogeneous over mathematical properties and/or over requirements to the time step. The family of algorithms for the parallel computation of heterogeneous models with different time steps is offered. Analytical estimates and direct measurements of the error of these algorithms are made with reference to weakly coupled ODE sets. The advantage of the algorithms in the time cost as compared to accurate methods is shown.

    Views (last year): 1.
  8. The paper develops a theory of a new so-called two-parametric approach to the random signals' analysis and processing. A mathematical simulation and the task solutions’ comparison have been implemented for the Gauss and Rice statistical models. The applicability of the Rice statistical model is substantiated for the tasks of data and images processing when the signal’s envelope is being analyzed. A technique is developed and theoretically substantiated for solving the task of the noise suppression and initial image reconstruction by means of joint calculation of both statistical parameters — an initial signal’s mean value and noise dispersion — based on the maximum likelihood method within the Rice distribution. The peculiarities of this distribution’s likelihood function and the following from them possibilities of the signal and noise estimation have been analyzed.

    Views (last year): 2. Citations: 4 (RSCI).
  9. Lopato A.I., Utkin P.S.
    Mathematical modeling of pulsating detonation wave using ENO-schemes of different approximation orders
    Computer Research and Modeling, 2014, v. 6, no. 5, pp. 643-653

    The results of the numerical investigations of pulsating detonation wave propagation using the ENO-schemes with the approximation orders from the first to the fourth inclusively are presented. The results obtained with the use of the schemes of different approximation orders demonstrate that the pattern of detonation wave propagation in acetylene-air mixture corresponds to the analytical estimates both qualitatively and quantitatively. For the hydrogen-air mixture none of the schemes concerned provides the stable detonation wave propagation. The transition from the regular mode to the marginal one with the subsequent detonation breakup is observed.

    Views (last year): 4. Citations: 5 (RSCI).
  10. This paper considers the integrated approach to modeling the dynamics of genetic structure and the number of natural population. A set of dynamic models with different types of natural selection is used to describe a possible mechanism for the fixing of a genetic diversity in size of the litter in coastal, continental and farmed populations of arctic fox (Alopex lagopus, Canidae, Carnivora) observed now. The most interesting results have been obtained with the model of population consisting of two stages of development. At that with the frame of this model a dynamics of population genetic structure on genotypes was analyzed to consider different reproductive abilities and fitnesses of pups on the early stage of lifecycle which defined by the single diallelic gene. This model allows to receive a monomorphism for coastal populations of arctic fox, where food resources are practically constant. As well the model allows polymorphism with cyclical fluctuations in the number and frequency of the gene in the continental populations due to regular fluctuating of rodent number, the major component of its food. In farmed populations by selective selection carried out by farmers to increase the reproductive success, this gene is a pleiotropic one (i. e., determining the survival rate of individuals both early and late stages of their life cycle); so an application of appropriate model (with the selection of pleiotropic gene) allows to get an adequate rate of elimination for small litters allele.

    Views (last year): 7. Citations: 5 (RSCI).
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International Interdisciplinary Conference "Mathematics. Computing. Education"

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