All issues
 2024 Vol. 16
 2023 Vol. 15
 2022 Vol. 14
 2021 Vol. 13
 2020 Vol. 12
 2019 Vol. 11
 2018 Vol. 10
 2017 Vol. 9
 2016 Vol. 8
 2015 Vol. 7
 2014 Vol. 6
 2013 Vol. 5
 2012 Vol. 4
 2011 Vol. 3
 2010 Vol. 2
 2009 Vol. 1

Direct multiplicative methods for sparse matrices. Unbalanced linear systems.
Computer Research and Modeling, 2016, v. 8, no. 6, pp. 833860Views (last year): 20. Citations: 2 (RSCI).Small practical value of many numerical methods for solving singleended systems of linear equations with illconditioned matrices due to the fact that these methods in the practice behave quite differently than in the case of precise calculations. Historically, sustainability is not enough attention was given, unlike in numerical algebra ‘mediumsized’, and emphasis is given to solving the problems of maximal order in data capabilities of the computer, including the expense of some loss of accuracy. Therefore, the main objects of study is the most appropriate storage of information contained in the sparse matrix; maintaining the highest degree of rarefaction at all stages of the computational process. Thus, the development of efficient numerical methods for solving unstable systems refers to the actual problems of computational mathematics.
In this paper, the approach to the construction of numerically stable direct multiplier methods for solving systems of linear equations, taking into account sparseness of matrices, presented in packaged form. The advantage of the approach consists in minimization of filling the main lines of the multipliers without compromising accuracy of the results and changes in the position of the next processed row of the matrix are made that allows you to use static data storage formats. The storage format of sparse matrices has been studied and the advantage of this format consists in possibility of parallel execution any matrix operations without unboxing, which significantly reduces the execution time and memory footprint.
Direct multiplier methods for solving systems of linear equations are best suited for solving problems of large size on a computer — sparse matrix systems allow you to get multipliers, the main row of which is also sparse, and the operation of multiplication of a vectorrow of the multiplier according to the complexity proportional to the number of nonzero elements of this multiplier.
As a direct continuation of this work is proposed in the basis for constructing a direct multiplier algorithm of linear programming to put a modification of the direct multiplier algorithm for solving systems of linear equations based on integration of technique of linear programming for methods to select the host item. Direct multiplicative methods of linear programming are best suited for the construction of a direct multiplicative algorithm set the direction of descent Newton methods in unconstrained optimization by integrating one of the existing design techniques significantly positive definite matrix of the second derivatives.

Direct multiplicative methods for sparse matrices. Linear programming
Computer Research and Modeling, 2017, v. 9, no. 2, pp. 143165Views (last year): 10. Citations: 2 (RSCI).Multiplicative methods for sparse matrices are best suited to reduce the complexity of operations solving systems of linear equations performed on each iteration of the simplex method. The matrix of constraints in these problems of sparsely populated nonzero elements, which allows to obtain the multipliers, the main columns which are also sparse, and the operation of multiplication of a vector by a multiplier according to the complexity proportional to the number of nonzero elements of this multiplier. In addition, the transition to the adjacent basis multiplier representation quite easily corrected. To improve the efficiency of such methods requires a decrease in occupancy multiplicative representation of the nonzero elements. However, at each iteration of the algorithm to the sequence of multipliers added another. As the complexity of multiplication grows and linearly depends on the length of the sequence. So you want to run from time to time the recalculation of inverse matrix, getting it from the unit. Overall, however, the problem is not solved. In addition, the set of multipliers is a sequence of structures, and the size of this sequence is inconvenient is large and not precisely known. Multiplicative methods do not take into account the factors of the high degree of sparseness of the original matrices and constraints of equality, require the determination of initial basic feasible solution of the problem and, consequently, do not allow to reduce the dimensionality of a linear programming problem and the regular procedure of compression — dimensionality reduction of multipliers and exceptions of the nonzero elements from all the main columns of multipliers obtained in previous iterations. Thus, the development of numerical methods for the solution of linear programming problems, which allows to overcome or substantially reduce the shortcomings of the schemes implementation of the simplex method, refers to the current problems of computational mathematics.
In this paper, the approach to the construction of numerically stable direct multiplier methods for solving problems in linear programming, taking into account sparseness of matrices, presented in packaged form. The advantage of the approach is to reduce dimensionality and minimize filling of the main rows of multipliers without compromising accuracy of the results and changes in the position of the next processed row of the matrix are made that allows you to use static data storage formats.
As a direct continuation of this work is the basis for constructing a direct multiplicative algorithm set the direction of descent in the Newton methods for unconstrained optimization is proposed to put a modification of the direct multiplier method, linear programming by integrating one of the existing design techniques significantly positive definite matrix of the second derivatives.

Numerical solution to a twodimensional nonlinear heat equation using radial basis functions
Computer Research and Modeling, 2022, v. 14, no. 1, pp. 922The paper presents a numerical solution to the heat wave motion problem for a degenerate secondorder nonlinear parabolic equation with a source term. The nonlinearity is conditioned by the power dependence of the heat conduction coefficient on temperature. The problem for the case of two spatial variables is considered with the boundary condition specifying the heat wave motion law. A new solution algorithm based on an expansion in radial basis functions and the boundary element method is proposed. The solution is constructed stepwise in time with finite difference time approximation. At each time step, a boundary value problem for the Poisson equation corresponding to the original equation at a fixed time is solved. The solution to this problem is constructed iteratively as the sum of a particular solution to the nonhomogeneous equation and a solution to the corresponding homogeneous equation satisfying the boundary conditions. The homogeneous equation is solved by the boundary element method. The particular solution is sought by the collocation method using inhomogeneity expansion in radial basis functions. The calculation algorithm is optimized by parallelizing the computations. The algorithm is implemented as a program written in the C++ language. The parallel computations are organized by using the OpenCL standard, and this allows one to run the same parallel code either on multicore CPUs or on graphic CPUs. Test cases are solved to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed solution method and the correctness of the developed computational technique. The calculation results are compared with known exact solutions, as well as with the results we obtained earlier. The accuracy of the solutions and the calculation time are estimated. The effectiveness of using various systems of radial basis functions to solve the problems under study is analyzed. The most suitable system of functions is selected. The implemented complex computational experiment shows higher calculation accuracy of the proposed new algorithm than that of the previously developed one.

Introduction to the parallelization of algorithms and programs
Computer Research and Modeling, 2010, v. 2, no. 3, pp. 231272Views (last year): 53. Citations: 22 (RSCI).Difference of software development for parallel computing technology from sequential programming is dicussed. Arguements for introduction of new phases into technology of software engineering are given. These phases are: decomposition of algorithms, assignment of jobs to performers, conducting and mapping of logical to physical performers. Issues of performance evaluation of algorithms are briefly discussed. Decomposition of algorithms and programs into parts that can be executed in parallel is dicussed.

Solution to a twodimensional nonlinear heat equation using null field method
Computer Research and Modeling, 2023, v. 15, no. 6, pp. 14491467The paper deals with a heat wave motion problem for a degenerate secondorder nonlinear parabolic equation with power nonlinearity. The considered boundary condition specifies in a plane the motion equation of the circular zero front of the heat wave. A new numericalanalytical algorithm for solving the problem is proposed. A solution is constructed stepby step in time using difference time discretization. At each time step, a boundary value problem for the Poisson equation corresponding to the original equation at a fixed time is considered. This problem is, in fact, an inverse Cauchy problem in the domain whose initial boundary is free of boundary conditions and two boundary conditions (Neumann and Dirichlet) are specified on a current boundary (heat wave). A solution of this problem is constructed as the sum of a particular solution to the nonhomogeneous Poisson equation and a solution to the corresponding Laplace equation satisfying the boundary conditions. Since the inhomogeneity depends on the desired function and its derivatives, an iterative solution procedure is used. The particular solution is sought by the collocation method using inhomogeneity expansion in radial basis functions. The inverse Cauchy problem for the Laplace equation is solved by the null field method as applied to a circular domain with a circular hole. This method is used for the first time to solve such problem. The calculation algorithm is optimized by parallelizing the computations. The parallelization of the computations allows us to realize effectively the algorithm on high performance computing servers. The algorithm is implemented as a program, which is parallelized by using the OpenMP standard for the C++ language, suitable for calculations with parallel cycles. The effectiveness of the algorithm and the robustness of the program are tested by the comparison of the calculation results with the known exact solution as well as with the numerical solution obtained earlier by the authors with the use of the boundary element method. The implemented computational experiment shows good convergence of the iteration processes and higher calculation accuracy of the proposed new algorithm than of the previously developed one. The solution analysis allows us to select the radial basis functions which are most suitable for the proposed algorithm.

The computational algorithm for studying internal laminar flows of a multicomponent gas with differentscale chemical processes
Computer Research and Modeling, 2023, v. 15, no. 5, pp. 11691187The article presented the computational algorithm developed to study chemical processes in the internal flows of a multicomponent gas under the influence of laser radiation. The mathematical model is the gas dynamics’ equations with chemical reactions at low Mach numbers. It takes into account dissipative terms that describe the dynamics of a viscous heatconducting medium with diffusion, chemical reactions and energy supply by laser radiation. This mathematical model is characterized by the presence of several very different time and spatial scales. The computational algorithm is based on a splitting scheme by physical processes. Each time integration step is divided into the following blocks: solving the equations of chemical kinetics, solving the equation for the radiation intensity, solving the convectiondiffusion equations, calculating the dynamic component of pressure and calculating the correction of the velocity vector. The solution of a stiff system of chemical kinetics equations is carried out using a specialized explicit secondorder accuracy scheme or a plugin RADAU5 module. Numerical Rusanov flows and a WENO scheme of an increased order of approximation are used to find convective terms in the equations. The code based on the obtained algorithm has been developed using MPI parallel computing technology. The developed code is used to calculate the pyrolysis of ethane with radical reactions. The superequilibrium concentrations’ formation of radicals in the reactor volume is studied in detail. Numerical simulation of the reaction gas flow in a flat tube with laser radiation supply is carried out, which is in demand for the interpretation of experimental results. It is shown that laser radiation significantly increases the conversion of ethane and yields of target products at short lengths closer to the entrance to the reaction zone. Reducing the effective length of the reaction zone allows us to offer new solutions in the design of ethane conversion reactors into valuable hydrocarbons. The developed algorithm and program will find their application in the creation of new technologies of laser thermochemistry.

Parallel implementation of a finiteelement algorithms on a graphics accelerator in the software package FEStudio
Computer Research and Modeling, 2014, v. 6, no. 1, pp. 7997Views (last year): 4. Citations: 24 (RSCI).In this paper, we present new parallel algorithms for finite element analysis implemented in the FEStudio software framework. We describe the programming model of finite element method, which supports parallelism on different stages of numerical simulations. Using this model, we develop parallel algorithms of numerical integration for dynamic problems and local stiffness matrices. For constructing and solving the systems of equations, we use the CUDA programming platform.

The Solver of Boltzmann equation on unstructured spatial grids
Computer Research and Modeling, 2019, v. 11, no. 3, pp. 427447Views (last year): 13.The purpose of this work is to develop a universal computer program (solver) which solves kinetic Boltzmann equation for simulations of rarefied gas flows in complexly shaped devices. The structure of the solver is described in details. Its efficiency is demonstrated on an example of calculations of a modern many tubes Knudsen pump. The kinetic Boltzmann equation is solved by finitedifference method on discrete grid in spatial and velocity spaces. The differential advection operator is approximated by finite difference method. The calculation of the collision integral is based on the conservative projection method.
In the developed computational program the unstructured spatial mesh is generated using GMSH and may include prisms, tetrahedrons, hexahedrons and pyramids. The mesh is denser in areas of flow with large gradients of gas parameters. A threedimensional velocity grid consists of cubic cells of equal volume.
A huge amount of calculations requires effective parallelization of the algorithm which is implemented in the program with the use of Message Passing Interface (MPI) technology. An information transfer from one node to another is implemented as a kind of boundary condition. As a result, every MPI node contains the information about only its part of the grid.
The main result of the work is presented in the graph of pressure difference in 2 reservoirs connected by a multitube Knudsen pump from Knudsen number. This characteristic of the Knudsen pump obtained by numerical methods shows the quality of the pump. Distributions of pressure, temperature and gas concentration in a steady state inside the pump and the reservoirs are presented as well.
The correctness of the solver is checked using two special test solutions of more simple boundary problems — test with temperature distribution between 2 planes with different temperatures and test with conservation of total gas mass.
The correctness of the obtained data for multitube Knudsen pump is checked using denser spatial and velocity grids, using more collisions in collision integral per time step.

Parallel implementation of the gridcharacteristic method in the case of explicit contact boundaries
Computer Research and Modeling, 2018, v. 10, no. 5, pp. 667678Views (last year): 18.We consider an application of the Message Passing Interface (MPI) technology for parallelization of the program code which solves equation of the linear elasticity theory. The solution of this equation describes the propagation of elastic waves in demormable rigid bodies. The solution of such direct problem of seismic wave propagation is of interest in seismics and geophysics. Our implementation of solver uses gridcharacteristic method to make simulations. We consider technique to reduce time of communication between MPI processes during the simulation. This is important when it is necessary to conduct modeling in complex problem formulations, and still maintain the high level of parallelism effectiveness, even when thousands of processes are used. A solution of the problem of effective communication is extremely important when several computational grids with arbirtrary geometry of contacts between them are used in the calculation. The complexity of this task increases if an independent distribution of the grid nodes between processes is allowed. In this paper, a generalized approach is developed for processing contact conditions in terms of nodes reinterpolation from a given section of one grid to a certain area of the second grid. An efficient way of parallelization and establishing effective interprocess communications is proposed. For provided example problems we provide wave fileds and seismograms for both 2D and 3D formulations. It is shown that the algorithm can be realized both on Cartesian and on structured (curvilinear) computational grids. The considered statements demonstrate the possibility of carrying out calculations taking into account the surface topographies and curvilinear geometry of curvilinear contacts between the geological layers. Application of curvilinear grids allows to obtain more accurate results than when calculating only using Cartesian grids. The resulting parallelization efficiency is almost 100% up to 4096 processes (we used 128 processes as a basis to find efficiency). With number of processes larger than 4096, an expected gradual decrease in efficiency is observed. The rate of decline is not great, so at 16384 processes the parallelization efficiency remains at 80%.

Numerical Simulation, Parallel Algorithms and Software for Performance Forecast of the System “FracturedPorous Reservoir – Producing Well” During its Commissioning Into Operation
Computer Research and Modeling, 2019, v. 11, no. 6, pp. 10691075The mathematical model, finitedifference schemes and algorithms for computation of transient thermoand hydrodynamic processes involved in commissioning the unified system including the oil producing well, electrical submersible pump and fracturedporous reservoir with bottom water are developed. These models are implemented in the computer package to simulate transient processes with simultaneous visualization of their results along with computations. An important feature of the package OilRWP is its interaction with the special external program GCS which simulates the work of the surface electric control station and data exchange between these two programs. The package OilRWP sends telemetry data and current parameters of the operating submersible unit to the program module GCS (direct coupling). The station controller analyzes incoming data and generates the required control parameters for the submersible pump. These parameters are sent to OilRWP (feedback). Such an approach allows us to consider the developed software as the “Intellectual Well System”.
Some principal results of the simulations can be briefly presented as follows. The transient time between inaction and quasisteady operation of the producing well depends on the well stream watering, filtration and capacitive parameters of oil reservoir, physicalchemical properties of phases and technical characteristics of the submersible unit. For the large time solution of the nonstationary equations governing the nonsteady processes is practically identical to the inverse quasistationary problem solution with the same initial data. The developed software package is an effective tool for analysis, forecast and optimization of the exploiting parameters of the unified oilproducing complex during its commissioning into the operating regime.
Indexed in Scopus
Fulltext version of the journal is also available on the web site of the scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.RU
The journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index
The journal is included in the RSCI
International Interdisciplinary Conference "Mathematics. Computing. Education"