Phase transitions associated with economy and demography

 pdf (1435K)  / List of references

Crises in social systems are considered by analogy with phase transitions and the corresponding critical phenomena in «non-living» many-particle physical systems. We present two qualitative physical models: (i) a historical and demographic progress as a gradual condensation of economical domains with an improvement of living conditions, and (ii) the modern economical crisis as a result of a spontaneous «condensation» of assets in a free expansion of the U.S. economy in 1990th and 2000th, reducing a control over large business enterprises formed in this process. The first model explains the observed hyperbolic growth of world population in the I–XX centuries A.D. without any additional assumption while the second model points to the analogy between the economic expansion with a drop of competition, and the expansion of gas into vacuum with a drop of temperature.

Keywords: social systems, phase transition, critical phenomena, crisis, demography, economy
Citation in English: Slovokhotov Y.L. Phase transitions associated with economy and demography // Computer Research and Modeling, 2010, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 209-218
Citation in English: Slovokhotov Y.L. Phase transitions associated with economy and demography // Computer Research and Modeling, 2010, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 209-218
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2010-2-2-209-218
Views (last year): 9. Citations: 9 (RSCI).

Full-text version of the journal is also available on the web site of the scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.RU

The journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index

The journal is included in the List of Russian peer-reviewed journals publishing the main research results of PhD and doctoral dissertations.

International Interdisciplinary Conference "Mathematics. Computing. Education"

The journal is included in the RSCI

Indexed in Scopus