Synchronization and chaos in networks of coupled maps in application to modeling of cardiac dynamics

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The dynamics of coupled elements’ ensembles are investigated in the context of description of spatio-temporal processes in the myocardium. Basic element is map-based model constructed by simplification and reduction of Luo-Rudy model. In particular, capabilities of the model in replication of different regimes of cardiac activity are shown, including excitable and oscillatory regimes. The dynamics of 1D and 2D lattices of coupled oscillatory elements with a random distribution of individual frequencies are considered. Effects of cluster synchronization and transition to global synchronization by increasing of coupling strength are discussed. Impulse propagation in the chain of excitable cells has been observed. Analysis of 2D lattice of excitable elements with target and spiral waves have been made. The characteristics of the spiral wave has been analyzed in depending on the individual parameters of the map and coupling strength between elements of the lattice. A study of mixed ensembles consisting of excitable and oscillatory elements with a gradient changing of the properties have been made, including the task for description of normal and pathological activity of the sinoatrial node.

Keywords: map, excitable cell, oscillatory cell, synchronization, spatiotemporal dynamics
Citation in English: Pavlov E.A., Osipov G.V. Synchronization and chaos in networks of coupled maps in application to modeling of cardiac dynamics // Computer Research and Modeling, 2011, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 439-453

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