Numerical simulation of air cooling the tank to desublimate components of the gas mixture

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For the production of purified final product in chemical engineering used the process of desublimation. For this purpose, the tank is cooled by liquid nitrogen or cold air. The mixture of gases flows inside the tank and is cooled to the condensation or desublimation temperature some components of the gas mixture. The condensed components are deposited on the walls of the tank. The article presents a mathematical model to calculate the cooling air tanks for desublimation of vapours. A mathematical model based on equations of gas dynamics and describes the movement of cooled air in the duct and the heat exchanger with heat exchange and friction. The heat of the phase transition is taken into account in the boundary condition for the heat equation by setting the heat flux. Heat transfer in the walls of the pipe and in the tank wall is described by the nonstationary heat conduction equations. The solution of the system of equations is carried out numerically. The equations of gas dynamics are solved by the method of S. K. Godunov. The heat equation are solved by an implicit finite difference scheme. The article presents the results of calculations of the cooling of two successively installed tanks. The initial temperature of the tanks is equal to 298 K. Cold air flows through the tubing, through the heat exchanger of the first tank, then through conduit to the heat exchanger second tank. During the 20 minutes of tank cool down to operating temperature. The temperature of the walls of the tanks differs from the air temperature not more than 1 degree. The flow of cooling air allows to maintain constant temperature of the walls of the tank in the process of desublimation components from a gas mixture. The results of analytical evaluation of the time of cooling tank and temperature difference between the tank walls and air with the vapor desublimation. Analytical assessment is based on determining the time of heat relaxation temperature of the tank walls. The results of evaluations are satisfactorily coincide with the results of calculations by the present model. The proposed approach allows calculating the cooling tanks with a flow of cold air supplied via the pipeline system.

Keywords: the receiving tank, cooling, desublimation, mathematical modeling
Citation in English: Gubanov S.M., Durnovtsev M.I., Kartavih A.A., Krainov A.Y. Numerical simulation of air cooling the tank to desublimate components of the gas mixture // Computer Research and Modeling, 2016, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 521-529
Citation in English: Gubanov S.M., Durnovtsev M.I., Kartavih A.A., Krainov A.Y. Numerical simulation of air cooling the tank to desublimate components of the gas mixture // Computer Research and Modeling, 2016, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 521-529
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2016-8-3-521-529
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