Method of estimation of heart failure during a physical exercise

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The results of determination of the risk of cardiovascular failure of young athletes and adolescents in stressful physical activity have been demonstrated. The method of screening diagnostics of the risk of developing heart failure has been described. The results of contactless measurement of the form of the pulse wave of the radial artery using semiconductor laser autodyne have been presented. In the measurements used laser diode type RLD-650 specifications: output power of 5 mW, emission wavelength 654 nm. The problem was solved by the reduced form of the reflector movement, which acts as the surface of the skin of the human artery, tested method of assessing the risk of cardiovascular disease during exercise and the analysis of the results of its application to assess the risk of cardiovascular failure reactions of young athletes. As analyzed parameters were selected the following indicators: the steepness of the rise in the systolic portion of the fast and slow phase, the rate of change in the pulse wave catacrota variability of cardio intervals as determined by the time intervals between the peaks of the pulse wave. It analyzed pulse wave form on its first and second derivative with respect to time. The zeros of the first derivative of the pulse wave allow to set aside time in systolic rise. A minimum of the second derivative corresponds to the end of the phase and the beginning of the slow pressure build-up in the systole. Using the first and second derivative of the pulse wave made it possible to separately analyze the pulse wave form phase of rapid and slow pressure increase phase during systolic expansion. It has been established that the presence of anomalies in the form of the pulse wave in combination with vagotonic nervous regulation of the cardiovascular system of a patient is a sign of danger collapse of circulation during physical exercise.

Keywords: cardiovascular system, pulse wave, diagnostics, semiconductor laser autodyne
Citation in English: Usanov D.A., Skripal A.V., Averyanov A.P., Dobdin S.Yu., Kashchavtsev E.O. Method of estimation of heart failure during a physical exercise // Computer Research and Modeling, 2017, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 311-321
Citation in English: Usanov D.A., Skripal A.V., Averyanov A.P., Dobdin S.Yu., Kashchavtsev E.O. Method of estimation of heart failure during a physical exercise // Computer Research and Modeling, 2017, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 311-321
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2017-9-2-311-321
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