Simulation equatorial plasma bubbles started from plasma clouds

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Experimental, theoretical and numerical investigations of equatorial spread F, equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs), plasma depletion shells, and plasma clouds are continued at new variety articles. Nonlinear growth, bifurcation, pinching, atomic and molecular ion dynamics are considered at there articles. But the authors of this article believe that not all parameters of EPB development are correct. For example, EPB bifurcation is highly questionable.

A maximum speed inside EPBs and a development time of EPB are defined and studied. EPBs starting from one, two or three zones of the increased density (initial plasma clouds). The development mechanism of EPB is the Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI). Time of the initial stage of EPB development went into EPB favorable time interval (in this case the increase linear increment is more than zero) and is 3000–7000 c for the Earth equatorial ionosphere.

Numerous computing experiments were conducted with use of the original two-dimensional mathematical and numerical model MI2, similar USA standard model SAMI2. This model MI2 is described in detail. The received results can be used both in other theoretical works and for planning and carrying out natural experiments for generation of F-spread in Earth ionosphere.

Numerical simulating was carried out for the geophysical conditions favorable for EPBs development. Numerical researches confirmed that development time of EPBs from initial irregularities with the increased density is significantly more than development time from zones of the lowered density. It is shown that developed irregularities interact among themselves strongly and not linearly even then when initial plasma clouds are strongly removed from each other. In addition, this interaction is stronger than interaction of EPBs starting from initial irregularities with the decreased density. The numerical experiments results showed the good consent of developed EPB parameters with experimental data and with theoretical researches of other authors.

Keywords: ionosphere, mathematical modeling, numerical simulating, Rayleigh–Taylor instability, initial irregularity, equatorial plasma bubble, initial plasma cloud, multiple plasma bubbles
Citation in English: Kashchenko N.M., Ishanov S.A., Matsievsky S.V. Simulation equatorial plasma bubbles started from plasma clouds // Computer Research and Modeling, 2019, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 463-476
Citation in English: Kashchenko N.M., Ishanov S.A., Matsievsky S.V. Simulation equatorial plasma bubbles started from plasma clouds // Computer Research and Modeling, 2019, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 463-476
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2019-11-3-463-476
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