On the computer experiments of Kasman

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In 2007 Kasman conducted a series of original computer experiments with sine-Gordon kinks moving along artificial DNA sequences. Two sequences were considered. Each consisted of two parts separated by a boundary. The left part of the first sequence contained repeating TTA triplets that encode leucines, and the right part contained repeating CGC triplets that encode arginines. In the second sequence, the left part contained repeating CTG triplets encoding leucines, and the right part contained repeating AGA triplets encoding arginines. When modeling the kink movement, an interesting effect was discovered. It turned out that the kink, moving in one of the sequences, stopped without reaching the end of the sequence, and then “bounced off” as if he had hit a wall. At the same time, the kink movement in the other sequence did not stop during the entire time of the experiment. In these computer experiments, however, a simple DNA model proposed by Salerno was used. It takes into account differences in the interactions of complementary bases within pairs, but does not take into account differences in the moments of inertia of nitrogenous bases and in the distances between the centers of mass of the bases and the sugar-phosphate chain. The question of whether the Kasman effect will continue with the use of more accurate DNA models is still open. In this paper, we investigate the Kasman effect on the basis of a more accurate DNA model that takes both of these differences into account. We obtained the energy profiles of Kasman's sequences and constructed the trajectories of the motion of kinks launched in these sequences with different initial values of the energy. The results of our investigations confirmed the existence of the Kasman effect, but only in a limited interval of initial values of the kink energy and with a certain direction of the kinks movement. In other cases, this effect did not observe. We discussed which of the studied sequences were energetically preferable for the excitation and propagation of kinks.

Keywords: computer simulations, DNA dynamics, sequences consisting of DNA codons, energy profile, kink trajectories
Citation in English: Grinevich A.A., Yakushevich L.V. On the computer experiments of Kasman // Computer Research and Modeling, 2019, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 503-513
Citation in English: Grinevich A.A., Yakushevich L.V. On the computer experiments of Kasman // Computer Research and Modeling, 2019, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 503-513
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2019-11-3-503-513

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