Modelling of trends in the volume and structure of accumulated credit indebtedness in the banking system

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The volume and structure of accumulated credit debt to the banking system depends on many factors, the most important of which is the level of interest rates. The correct assessment of borrowers’ reaction to the changes in the monetary policy allows to develop econometric models, representing the structure of the credit portfolio in the banking system by terms of lending. These models help to calculate indicators characterizing the level of interest rate risk in the whole system. In the study, we carried out the identification of four types of models: discrete linear model based on transfer functions; the state-space model; the classical econometric model ARMAX, and a nonlinear Hammerstein –Wiener model. To describe them, we employed the formal language of automatic control theory; to identify the model, we used the MATLAB software pack-age. The study revealed that the discrete linear state-space model is most suitable for short-term forecasting of both the volume and the structure of credit debt, which in turn allows to predict trends in the structure of accumulated credit debt on the forecasting horizon of 1 year. The model based on the real data has shown a high sensitivity of the structure of credit debt by pay back periods reaction to the changes in the Ñentral Bank monetary policy. Thus, a sharp increase in interest rates in response to external market shocks leads to shortening of credit terms by borrowers, at the same time the overall level of debt rises, primarily due to the increasing revaluation of nominal debt. During the stable falling trend of interest rates, the structure shifts toward long-term debts.

Keywords: credit debt, interest rate, dynamic modelling, state-space model, forecasting
Citation in English: Pekhterev A.A., Domaschenko D.V., Guseva I.A. Modelling of trends in the volume and structure of accumulated credit indebtedness in the banking system // Computer Research and Modeling, 2019, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 965-978
Citation in English: Pekhterev A.A., Domaschenko D.V., Guseva I.A. Modelling of trends in the volume and structure of accumulated credit indebtedness in the banking system // Computer Research and Modeling, 2019, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 965-978
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2019-11-5-965-978

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