On the modeling of water obstacles overcoming by Rangifer tarandus L

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Seasonal migrations and herd instinct are traditionally recognized as wild reindeer (Rangifer tarandus L.) species-specific behavioral signs. These animals are forced to overcome water obstacles during the migrations. Behaviour peculiarities are considered as the result of the selection process, which has chosen among the sets of strategies, as the only evolutionarily stable one, determining the reproduction and biological survival of wild reindeer as a species. Natural processes in the Taimyr population wild reindeer are currently occurring against the background of an increase in the influence of negative factors due to the escalation of the industrial development of the Arctic. That is why the need to identify the ethological features of these animals completely arose. This paper presents the results of applying the classical methods of the theory of optimal control and differential games to the wild reindeer study of the migration patterns in overcoming water barriers, including major rivers. Based on these animals’ ethological features and behavior forms, the herd is presented as a controlled dynamic system, which presents also two classes of individuals: the leader and the rest of the herd, for which their models, describing the trajectories of their movement, are constructed. The models are based on hypotheses, which are the mathematical formalization of some animal behavior patterns. This approach made it possible to find the trajectory of the important one using the methods of the optimal control theory, and in constructing the trajectories of other individuals, apply the principle of control with a guide. Approbation of the obtained results, which can be used in the formation of a common “platform” for the adaptive behavior models systematic construction and as a reserve for the cognitive evolution models fundamental development, is numerically carried out using a model example with observational data on the Werchnyaya Taimyra River.

Keywords: wild reindeer, migration, mathematical modeling, dynamical system, control
Citation in English: Malygina N.V., Surkov P.G. On the modeling of water obstacles overcoming by Rangifer tarandus L // Computer Research and Modeling, 2019, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 895-910
Citation in English: Malygina N.V., Surkov P.G. On the modeling of water obstacles overcoming by Rangifer tarandus L // Computer Research and Modeling, 2019, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 895-910
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2019-11-5-895-910

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