Modeling of a channel wall interaction with an end seal flexibly restrained at the edge

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The paper proposes a new mathematical model to study the interaction dynamics of the longitudinal wall of a narrow channel with its end seal. The end seal was considered as the edge wall on a spring, i.e. spring-mass system. These walls interaction occurs via a viscous liquid filling the narrow channel; thus required the formulation and solution of the hydroelasticity problem. However, this problem has not been previously studied. The problem consists of the Navier–Stokes equations, the continuity equation, the edge wall dynamics equation, and the corresponding boundary conditions. Two cases of fluid motion in a narrow channel with parallel walls were studied. In the first case, we assumed the liquid motion as the creeping one, and in the second case as the laminar, taking into account the motion inertia. The hydroelasticty problem solution made it possible to determine the distribution laws of velocities and pressure in the liquid layer, as well as the motion law of the edge wall. It is shown that during creeping flow, the liquid physical properties and the channel geometric dimensions completely determine the damping in the considered oscillatory system. Both the end wall velocity and the longitudinal wall velocity affect the damping properties of the liquid layer. If the fluid motion inertia forces were taken into account, their influence on the edge wall vibrations was revealed, which manifested itself in the form of two added masses in the equation of its motion. The added masses and damping coefficients of the liquid layer due to the joint consideration of the liquid layer inertia and its viscosity were determined. The frequency and phase responses of the edge wall were constructed for the regime of steady-state harmonic oscillations. The simulation showed that taking into account the fluid layer inertia and its damping properties leads to a shift in the resonant frequencies to the low-frequency region and an increase in the oscillation amplitudes of the edge wall.

Keywords: hydroelastic oscillations, end seal, viscous fluid, metal bellows, frequency and phase responses
Citation in English: Popov V.S., Popova A.A. Modeling of a channel wall interaction with an end seal flexibly restrained at the edge // Computer Research and Modeling, 2020, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 387-400
Citation in English: Popov V.S., Popova A.A. Modeling of a channel wall interaction with an end seal flexibly restrained at the edge // Computer Research and Modeling, 2020, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 387-400
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2020-12-2-387-400

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