Multi-stable scenarios for differential equations describing the dynamics of a predators and preys system

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Dynamic scenarios leading to multistability in the form of continuous families of stable solutions are studied for a system of autonomous differential equations. The approach is based on determining the cosymmetries of the problem, calculating stationary solutions, and numerically-analytically studying their stability. The analysis is carried out for equations of the Lotka –Volterra type, describing the interaction of two predators feeding on two related prey species. For a system of ordinary differential equations of the 4th order with 11 real parameters, a numerical-analytical study of possible interaction scenarios was carried out. Relationships are found analytically between the control parameters under which the cosymmetry linear in the variables of the problem is realized and families of stationary solutions (equilibria) arise. The case of multicosymmetry is established and explicit formulas for a two-parameter family of equilibria are presented. The analysis of the stability of these solutions made it possible to reveal the division of the family into regions of stable and unstable equilibria. In a computational experiment, the limit cycles branching off from unstable stationary solutions are determined and their multipliers corresponding to multistability are calculated. Examples of the coexistence of families of stable stationary and non-stationary solutions are presented. The analysis is carried out for the growth functions of logistic and “hyperbolic” types. Depending on the parameters, scenarios can be obtained when only stationary solutions (coexistence of prey without predators and mixed combinations), as well as families of limit cycles, are realized in the phase space. The multistability scenarios considered in the work allow one to analyze the situations that arise in the presence of several related species in the range. These results are the basis for subsequent analysis when the parameters deviate from cosymmetric relationships.

Keywords: multistability, multicosymmetry, family of equilibria, limit cycles
Citation in English: Ha D.T., Tsybulin V.G. Multi-stable scenarios for differential equations describing the dynamics of a predators and preys system // Computer Research and Modeling, 2020, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 1451-1466
Citation in English: Ha D.T., Tsybulin V.G. Multi-stable scenarios for differential equations describing the dynamics of a predators and preys system // Computer Research and Modeling, 2020, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 1451-1466
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2020-12-6-1451-1466

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