On tire models accounting for both deformed state and coupled dry friction in a contact spot

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A proposed approximate model of the rolling of a deforming wheel with a pneumatic tire allows one to account as well forces in tires as the effect of the dry friction on the stability of the rolling upon the shimmy phenomenon prognosis. The model os based on the theory of the dry friction with combined kinematics of relative motion of interacting bodies, i. e. under the condition of simultaneous rolling, sliding, and spinning with accounting for the real shape of a contact spot and contact pressure distribution. The resultant vector and couple of the forces generated by the contact interaction with dry friction are defined by integration over the contact area, whereas the static contact pressure under the conditions of vanishing velocity of sliding and angular velocity of spinning is computed after the finite-element solution for the statical contact of a pneumatic with a rigid road with accounting forreal internal structure and properties of a tire. The solid finite element model of a typical tire with longitudinal thread is used below as a background. Given constant boost pressure, vertical load and static friction factor 0.5 the numerical solution is constructed, as well as the appropriate solutions for lateral and torsional kinematic loading. It is shown that the contact interaction of a pneumatic tire and an absolutely rigid road could be represented without crucial loss of accuracy as two typical stages, the adhesion and the slip; the contact area shape remains nevertheless close to a circle. The approximate diagrams are constructed for both lateral force and friction torque; on the initial stage the diagrams are linear so that corresponds to the elastic deformation of a tire while on the second stage both force and torque values are constant and correspond to the dry friction force and torque. For the last stages the approximate formulae for the longitudinal and lateral friction force and the friction torque are constructed on the background of the theory of the dry friction with combined kinematics. The obtained model can be treated as a combination of the Keldysh model of elastic wheel with no slip and spin and the Klimov rigid wheel model interacting with a road by dry friction forces.

Keywords: dry friction, combined kinematics, pneumatic tires, deformed state
Citation in English: Kireenkov A.A., Zhavoronok S.I., Nushtaev D.V. On tire models accounting for both deformed state and coupled dry friction in a contact spot // Computer Research and Modeling, 2021, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 163-173
Citation in English: Kireenkov A.A., Zhavoronok S.I., Nushtaev D.V. On tire models accounting for both deformed state and coupled dry friction in a contact spot // Computer Research and Modeling, 2021, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 163-173
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2021-13-1-163-173

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