Distributed computing model for the organization of a software environment that provides management of intelligent building automation systems

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The present article describes the authors’ model of construction of the distributed computer network and realization in it of the distributed calculations which are carried out within the limits of the software-information environment providing management of the information, automated and engineering systems of intellectual buildings. The presented model is based on the functional approach with encapsulation of the non-determined calculations and various side effects in monadic calculations that allows to apply all advantages of functional programming to a choice and execution of scenarios of management of various aspects of life activity of buildings and constructions. Besides, the described model can be used together with process of intellectualization of technical and sociotechnical systems for increase of level of independence of decision-making on management of values of parameters of the internal environment of a building, and also for realization of methods of adaptive management, in particular application of various techniques and approaches of an artificial intellect. An important part of the model is a directed acyclic graph, which is an extension of the blockchain with the ability to categorically reduce the cost of transactions taking into account the execution of smart contracts. According to the authors it will allow one to realize new technologies and methods — the distributed register on the basis of the directed acyclic graph, calculation on edge and the hybrid scheme of construction of artificial intellectual systems — and all this together can be used for increase of efficiency of management of intellectual buildings. Actuality of the presented model is based on necessity and importance of translation of processes of management of life cycle of buildings and constructions in paradigm of Industry 4.0 and application for management of methods of an artificial intellect with universal introduction of independent artificial cognitive agents. Model novelty follows from cumulative consideration of the distributed calculations within the limits of the functional approach and hybrid paradigm of construction of artificial intellectual agents for management of intellectual buildings. The work is theoretical. The article will be interesting to scientists and engineers working in the field of automation of technological and industrial processes both within the limits of intellectual buildings, and concerning management of complex technical and social and technical systems as a whole.

Keywords: automation, intellectualization, management, control system, autonomy, adaptability, functional approach, distributed computing, edge computing, intelligent building
Citation in English: Dushkin R.V., Mohov A.I. Distributed computing model for the organization of a software environment that provides management of intelligent building automation systems // Computer Research and Modeling, 2021, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 557-570
Citation in English: Dushkin R.V., Mohov A.I. Distributed computing model for the organization of a software environment that provides management of intelligent building automation systems // Computer Research and Modeling, 2021, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 557-570
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2021-13-3-557-570

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