Simulation of the initial stage of a two-component rarefied gas mixture outflow through a thin slit into vacuum

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The paper considers the process of flow formation in an outflow of a binary gas mixture through a thin slit into vacuum. An approach to modeling the flows of rarefied gas mixtures in the transient regime is proposed based on the direct solution of the Boltzmann kinetic equation, in which the conservative projection method is used to calculate the collision integrals. Calculation formulas are provided; the calculation procedure is described in detail in relation to the flow of a binary gas mixture. The Lennard–Jones potential is used as an interaction potential of molecules. A software modeling environment has been developed that makes it possible to study the flows of gas mixtures in a transitional regime on systems of cluster architecture. Due to the use of code parallelization technologies, an acceleration of calculations by 50–100 times was obtained. Numerical simulation of a two-dimensional outflow of a binary argon-neon gas mixture from a vessel into vacuum through a thin slit is carried out for various values of the Knudsen number. The graphs of the dependence of gas mixture components output flow on time in the process of establishing the flow are obtained. Non-stationary regions of strong separation of gas mixture components, in which the molecular densities ratio reaches 10 or more, were discovered. The discovered effect can have applications in the problem of gas mixtures separation.

Keywords: rarefied gas dynamics, binary gas mixtures, Boltzmann kinetic equation, projection method, unsteady flows, numerical simulation
Citation in English: Sitnikov S.S., Tcheremissine F.G., Sazykina T.A. Simulation of the initial stage of a two-component rarefied gas mixture outflow through a thin slit into vacuum // Computer Research and Modeling, 2021, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 747-759
Citation in English: Sitnikov S.S., Tcheremissine F.G., Sazykina T.A. Simulation of the initial stage of a two-component rarefied gas mixture outflow through a thin slit into vacuum // Computer Research and Modeling, 2021, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 747-759
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2021-13-4-747-759

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