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Approximate model of an axisymmetric flow of a non-compressible fluid in an infinitely long circular cylinder, the walls of which are composed of elastic rings, based on solutions of the Korteweg – de Vries equation

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Approximate model of an axisymmetric flow of a non-compressible fluid in an infinitely long circular cylinder, the walls of which are composed of elastic rings, based on solutions of the Korteweg – de Vries equation

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An approximate mathematical model of blood flow in an axisymmetric blood vessel is studied. Such a vessel is understood as an infinitely long circular cylinder, the walls of which consist of elastic rings. Blood is considered as an incompressible fluid flowing in this cylinder. Increased pressure causes radially symmetrical stretching of the elastic rings. Following J. Lamb, the rings are located close to each other so that liquid does not flow between them. To mentally realize this, it is enough to assume that the rings are covered with an impenetrable film that does not have elastic properties. Only rings have elasticity. The considered model of blood flow in a blood vessel consists of three equations: the continuity equation, the law of conservation of momentum and the equation of state. An approximate procedure for reducing the equations under consideration to the Korteweg – de Vries (KdV) equation is considered, which was not fully considered by J. Lamb, only to establish the dependence of the coefficients of the KdV equation on the physical parameters of the considered model of incompressible fluid flow in an axisymmetric vessel. From the KdV equation, by a standard transition to traveling waves, ODEs of the third, second and first orders are obtained, respectively. Depending on the different cases of arrangement of the three stationary solutions of the first-order ODE, a cnoidal wave and a soliton are standardly obtained. The main attention is paid to an unbounded periodic solution, which we call a degenerate cnoidal wave. Mathematically, cnoidal waves are described by elliptic integrals with parameters defining amplitudes and periods. Soliton and degenerate cnoidal wave are described by elementary functions. The hemodynamic meaning of these types of decisions is indicated. Due to the fact that the sets of solutions to first-, second- and third-order ODEs do not coincide, it has been established that the Cauchy problem for second- and third-order ODEs can be specified at all points, and for first-order ODEs only at points of growth or decrease. The Cauchy problem for a first-order ODE cannot be specified at extremum points due to the violation of the Lipschitz condition. The degeneration of the cnoidal wave into a degenerate cnoidal wave, which can lead to rupture of the vessel walls, is numerically illustrated. The table below describes two modes of approach of a cnoidal wave to a degenerate cnoidal wave.

Keywords: approximate model of blood flow, vessel made of elastic rings, Korteweg – de Vries equation, cnoidal wave, soliton, degenerate cnoidal wave, Cauchy problem
Citation in English: Chernyaev A.P.

Approximate model of an axisymmetric flow of a non-compressible fluid in an infinitely long circular cylinder, the walls of which are composed of elastic rings, based on solutions of the Korteweg – de Vries equation // Computer Research and Modeling, 2024, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 375-394

Citation in English: Chernyaev A.P.

Approximate model of an axisymmetric flow of a non-compressible fluid in an infinitely long circular cylinder, the walls of which are composed of elastic rings, based on solutions of the Korteweg – de Vries equation // Computer Research and Modeling, 2024, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 375-394

DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2024-16-2-375-394

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