Some relationships between thermodynamic characteristics and water vapor and carbon dioxide fluxes in a recently clear-cut area

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The temporal variability of exergy of short-wave and long-wave radiation and its relationships with sensible heat, water vapor (H2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes on a recently clear-cut area in a mixed coniferous and small-leaved forest in the Tver region is discussed. On the basis of the analysis of radiation and exergy efficiency coefficients suggested by Yu.M. Svirezhev it was shown that during the first eight months after clearcutting the forest ecosystem functions as a "heat engine" i.e. the processes of energy dissipation dominated over processes of biomass production. To validate the findings the statistical analysis of temporary variability of meteorological parameters, as well as, daily fluxes of sensible heat, H2O and CO2 was provided using the trigonometrical polynomials. The statistical models that are linearly depended on an exergy of short-wave and long-wave radiation were obtained for mean daily values of CO2 fluxes, gross primary production of regenerated vegetation and sensible heat fluxes. The analysis of these dependences is also confirmed the results obtained from processing the radiation and exergy efficiency coefficients. The splitting the time series into separate time intervals, e.g. “spring–summer” and “summer–autumn”, allowed revealing that the statistically significant relationships between atmospheric fluxes and exergy were amplified in summer months as the clear-cut area was overgrown by grassy and young woody vegetation. The analysis of linear relationships between time-series of latent heat fluxes and exergy showed their statistical insignificance. The linear relationships between latent heat fluxes and temperature were in turn statistically significant. The air temperature was a key factor improving the accuracy of the models, whereas effect of exergy was insignificant. The results indicated that at the time of active vegetation regeneration within the clear-cut area the seasonal variability of surface evaporation is mainly governed by temperature variation.

Keywords: clear-cut, thermodynamic characteristics, exergy, short-wave radiation, long-wave emission, time series, sensible heat water vapor and carbon dioxide fluxes
Citation in English: Belotelov N.V., Apal’kova T.G., Mamkin V.V., Kurbatova Y.A., Olchev A.V. Some relationships between thermodynamic characteristics and water vapor and carbon dioxide fluxes in a recently clear-cut area // Computer Research and Modeling, 2017, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 965-980
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2017-9-6-965-980

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