Application of a balanced identification method for gap-filling in CO2 flux data in a sphagnum peat bog

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The method of balanced identification was used to describe the response of Net Ecosystem Exchange of CO2 (NEE) to change of environmental factors, and to fill the gaps in continuous CO2 flux measurements in a sphagnum peat bog in the Tver region. The measurements were provided in the peat bog by the eddy covariance method from August to November of 2017. Due to rainy weather conditions and recurrent periods with low atmospheric turbulence the gap proportion in measured CO2 fluxes at our experimental site during the entire period of measurements exceeded 40%. The model developed for the gap filling in long-term experimental data considers the NEE as a difference between Ecosystem Respiration (RE) and Gross Primary Production (GPP), i.e. key processes of ecosystem functioning, and their dependence on incoming solar radiation (Q), soil temperature (T), water vapor pressure deficit (VPD) and ground water level (WL). Applied for this purpose the balanced identification method is based on the search for the optimal ratio between the model simplicity and the data fitting accuracy — the ratio providing the minimum of the modeling error estimated by the cross validation method. The obtained numerical solutions are characterized by minimum necessary nonlinearity (curvature) that provides sufficient interpolation and extrapolation characteristics of the developed models. It is particularly important to fill the missing values in NEE measurements. Reviewing the temporary variability of NEE and key environmental factors allowed to reveal a statistically significant dependence of GPP on Q, T, and VPD, and RE — on T and WL, respectively. At the same time, the inaccuracy of applied method for simulation of the mean daily NEE, was less than 10%, and the error in NEE estimates by the method was higher than by the REddyProc model considering the influence on NEE of fewer number of environmental parameters. Analyzing the gap-filled time series of NEE allowed to derive the diurnal and inter-daily variability of NEE and to obtain cumulative CO2 fluxs in the peat bog for selected summer-autumn period. It was shown, that the rate of CO2 fixation by peat bog vegetation in August was significantly higher than the rate of ecosystem respiration, while since September due to strong decrease of GPP the peat bog was turned into a consistent source of CO2 for the atmosphere.

Keywords: balanced identification method, eddy covariance method, peat bog, net ecosystem exchange of CO2, ecosystem respiration, gross primary production
Citation in English: Sokolov A.V., Mamkin V.V., Avilov V.K., Tarasov D.L., Kurbatova Y.A., Olchev A.V. Application of a balanced identification method for gap-filling in CO2 flux data in a sphagnum peat bog // Computer Research and Modeling, 2019, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 153-171
Citation in English: Sokolov A.V., Mamkin V.V., Avilov V.K., Tarasov D.L., Kurbatova Y.A., Olchev A.V. Application of a balanced identification method for gap-filling in CO2 flux data in a sphagnum peat bog // Computer Research and Modeling, 2019, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 153-171
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2019-11-1-153-171
According to Crossref, this article is cited by:
  • Egor A. Dyukarev, Evgeniy A. Godovnikov, Dmitriy V. Karpov, Sergey A. Kurakov, Elena D. Lapshina, Ilya V. Filippov, Nina V. Filippova, Evgeniy A. Zarov. Net Ecosystem Exchange, Gross Primary Production And Ecosystem Respiration In Ridge-Hollow Complex At Mukhrino Bog. // GEOGRAPHY, ENVIRONMENT, SUSTAINABILITY. 2019. — V. 12, no. 2. — P. 227. DOI: 10.24057/2071-9388-2018-77
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