Problems of numerical simulation in the dynamics system “soil–plant”

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Modern mathematical models in the dynamics system “soil–plant” are considered. The components of this system are: agricultural plant, microorganisms of the rhizosphere (root zone of plants), the mineral nutrition elements of plants in their mobile and immobile forms. The model of submitted system based on the analysis of the adopted provisions was developed. The construction of system elements allows to display the coordinated dynamics of these elements among themselves. In particular, the dynamics of mineral nutrition elements in plants and the dynamics of their biomass are determined by the current contents in the rhizosphere of mineral fertilizers and organic origin substances (plant roots, leaves, etc.). The immobility of plants spatial distribution and the mobile spatial nature of microorganisms are assumed. This mechanism is determined by diffusion. Mutual relationships between weeds and pests are suggested. The dynamics of the mineral nutrition elements is determined by the peculiarity of sorption in the soil solution, environmental conditions, organic decomposition and fertilizer application. An analytical study for a system where each of the components is represented by only one species (fertilizer, the association of microorganisms and plants) was performed. An adaptation of the wave propagation model in the “resource–consumer” system (Kolmogorov–Petrovsky–Piskunov waves) has been developed for annual agricultural crops. The developed model has been adapted for the growth of Krasnoufimskaya-100 spring wheat in a vessel on peat lowland soil, where nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertilizers were added variably. Sample distributions are plants biomass and the content of mineral nutrition elements in them. The parametric identification of the model and its adequacy was performed. An assessment of the model adequacy showed a good agreement between the model and experimental data.

Keywords: models of biomass dynamics, dynamics of rhizosphere biophilic elements, parametric identification of a mathematical model
Citation in English: Chetyrbotskii V.A., Chetyrbotsky A.N. Problems of numerical simulation in the dynamics system “soil–plant” // Computer Research and Modeling, 2020, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 445-465
Citation in English: Chetyrbotskii V.A., Chetyrbotsky A.N. Problems of numerical simulation in the dynamics system “soil–plant” // Computer Research and Modeling, 2020, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 445-465
DOI: 10.20537/2076-7633-2020-12-2-445-465

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